Nov 29 – 30, 2021
UTC timezone
OARC 36 Day 1 - begins 14:00 UTC Today 29 November

Advertising DNS Protocol Use to Mitigate DDoS Attacks

Nov 29, 2021, 3:00 PM
Standard Presentation Online Workshop OARC 36 Day 1


Casey Deccio (Brigham Young University)


The Domain Name System (DNS) has been frequently abused for distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and cache poisoning because it relies on the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Since UDP is connection-less, it is trivial for an attacker to spoof the source of a DNS query or response. While other secure transport mechanisms provide identity management, such as the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and DNS Cookies, there is currently no method for a client to state that they only use a given protocol. This paper presents a new method to allow protocol enforcement: DNS Protocol Advertisement Records (DPAR). Advertisement records allow Internet Protocol (IP) address subnets to post a public record in the reverse DNS zone stating which DNS mechanisms are used by their clients. DNS servers may then look up this record and require a client to use the stated mechanism, in turn preventing an attacker from sending spoofed messages over UDP. In this paper, we define the specification for DNS Protocol Advertisement Records, considerations that were made, and comparisons to alternative approaches. We additionally estimate the effectiveness of advertisements in preventing DDoS attacks and the expected
burden to DNS servers.

Primary authors

Mr Jacob Davis (Sandia National Laboratories) Casey Deccio (Brigham Young University)

Presentation materials